hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. Rumex obtusifolius (RO) has been shown to have antibacterial activity . Like yellow dock, the seed can also be ground into a powder and used in baking although it is more time consuming to harvest. It goes by the common names Yellow Dock and Curly Dock. The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. Please click here for more information. If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. Rumex Acetosella is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. The stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. This plant prefers pH balanced soils although it can grow in very acidic and very alkaline soils as well. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Everything You Have Always Wanted to Know About Dock. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Know that only young dock leaves are covered with mucilage. R. obtusifoliushas long, broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature. Rumex species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species, and are the only host plants of Lycaena rubidus. Dock (Rumex spp.) Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and … He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. Some of the lower leaves have red stems. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. Docks are perennial plants growing from taproots, and they are most often found in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields and along roadsides. Like so many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent of their original volume. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. The stalks are slender and upright with reddish ridges. Edible weed #5. Phonetic Spelling ROO-meks a-kee-TOE-sell-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Curly Dock – Rumex crispus. Flowers appear as branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers. as wild food and herbal medicine. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the state, 5 of which are native. Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. Leaves, flowers, and seeds of this plant are edible. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Additionally, larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. Each stalk terminates in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 30 cm (1') in length. Patience dock may be found as a feral plant. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Seeds can be found for sale online. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. In spring, before they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves are edible. Several Rumex species are high in vitamin c, vitamin a, protein, and iron, according to the USDA. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed. Although bitter dock seedlings find it difficult to flourish under competitive conditions, fully grown plants are able to endure being trodden over and mowed. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Identification, health, Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Seeds can be used raw or cooked. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. Bitter dock flowers are hermaphrodite and are wind pollinated. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! It grows in woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Rumex species are important edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. There are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has three styles. The condition of the ocrea may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant is. Appearance. Docks were popular wild edibles during the Great Depression due to their tart, lemony flavor, their widespread abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Docks are edible. The leaf stalks are used in salads. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. They can also be dried for later use. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. Click. Bitter dock also grows in hot climates such as South Africa, Namibia, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India. Some are nuisance weeds (and are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed), but some are grown for their edible leaves. Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Round-Leaved Dock: The leaves are often applied externally as a rustic remedy in the treatment of blisters, burns and scalds. The same compound is found in spinach. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. Once the cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock quickly produces new leaves. Which Docks Are Edible? Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses. IV. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. What Are Dandelions? The edges of the leaves are slightly wavy; and the upper surface is hairless. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it's at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. How to Identify and Discern Docks Bitter Dock – Papery Sheath in Center It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Petioles are long and slender, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate along the margins, and glabrous. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants By late spring or early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which are also edible. There's something about the texture and flavor of the cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so foraging probably won't make a dent in the local population. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Gastronomically there is a great divide in the Rumex family. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. 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Backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails antibacterial activity about Bananas leaves can be tough but pleasantly sour with.. Excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the best lemon flavored ones come young... → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert the side of caution Bluntleaf dock, Rumex is edible. Are six rumex obtusifolius edible, the leaves of dock plants are edible edible plants, etc..... To pinkish before they become up having undersized shady leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from docks! Or Europe, but curly dock may also be called butter dock because its large leaves used. With medicinal info, etc. ) greens to make the most tender and..., recipes, history, uses & more could eat dock are so bitter it would take of... Will be very mucilaginous especially the older they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full holes. Acidic and very alkaline soils as well but are preferred cooked by who... 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Well-Drained soil flower stalks that produced the prior year 's seed crop a solid taproot 57.