Manual of the grasses of the United States< /cite > . Most Zoysia grass types are well-adapted to tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate climates in Australia. Zoysia tenuifolia is the finest textured, least winter hardy of the three zoysia species. Tolerates heat, drought and a wide range of soils. These grasses are typically used for lawns or general turf areas. Origin and characteristics.  The United States was first introduced to Z. japonica in 1895. Japanese lawngrass is the only type of zoysia that you can grow from seed, although most homeowners find that … Description: Zoysia is a hardy summer grass. They graze on the seeds produced at the top of the grass. When exposed t… Zoysia japonica is more cold tolerant than the other species, but is also the most coarse textured of the three species. The search for a Zoysia japonica selection with good sod and seed production was nearing its goal. Zoysia Hybrid. This is the only species of zoysiagrass that has seed commercially available. Noteworthy Characteristics. On average, it requires 1.0-1.5 inches of irrigation a week. It's so dense, few lawn weeds penetrate established Zoysia lawns. Its growing season starts from the late spring till early summer. Zoysia japonica, more commonly known as Japanese or Korean lawn grass, was introduced to the United States in 1895—a bit earlier than Manila grass. USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. This plant has no children Legal Status. Zoysiagrasses are native to southeastern Asia and New Zealand and are common along coastal grasslands. This type of grass is particularly advantageous for golf courses, due to its low need for water and mowing, and high tolerance to cold. Zoysia Empire (Japonica hybrid) It has a dark-green, medium-width and relatively fine leaf. It is tolerant of high traffic conditions, drought resistant and thrives in the most northernmost areas of all … Zoysia Lawns Read More » While most of us would like to dig it all up and replace it with real plants -- flowers and shrubs and the like -- we recognize that without a garden staff to maintain the planting we best control our impulses. Key Characteristics. The leaves of this grass are coarse in texture and are a light green in color.  Although it can be planted at almost any time of year, late summer planting is discouraged. For more specific cultural information on the growing of zoysia, see "Establishment and Care of Zoysiagrass Lawns" (University of Missouri Extension publication G6706) which is available for inspection or purchase at the Kemper Center Information Desk. Emerald Zoysia is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia.  Nevertheless, sod is sold at a steep price. The common types of Zoysia Japonica which are available around Australia are Empire Zoysia and Platinum Zoysia. The genus Zoysia is one of the most salt and cold tolerant C 4 grass species among the family Poaceae. Turfgrass for lawns, golf courses, sports fields, commercial landscapes, roadsides and in areas where high foot traffic occurs. Zoysia lawns may be established vegetatively by sod, sprigs or plugs. Zoysia matrella is often called Manilagrass (it was introduced to the U.S. from Manila). Sprigs and plugs are best planted in mid to late spring. When compared to other Zoysia grass types, Z. japonica is faster growing and more cold tolerant. Japonica zoysia grass – Vertical leaf blade with a coarse structure. Zoysia japonic…  Today, Z. japonica has become one of the most widely used species of turfgrass in the United States, serving as a close alternative to bermudagrass. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. They are coarse, and have the ability to spread fast. 200. Zoysia japonica is suitable for all the warmer regions and crossover temperate regions of Australia. Emerald is a cross between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia matrella, it has a thin bladed leaf, and one of the slowest growth rates of the Zoysia family.  It grows to around 0.5 mm in width, and is hairy near the base and exhibits short inflorescences. Zoysia Japonica is the only one of the three that can be established from seeds, but otherwise Zoysia Grass can be established from sprigs, plugs, or sod. The pedicles grow to about 1.75 mm, while the ascending culm internodes measure to roughly 14 mm long. It was selected from a population of plants grown from seed by the U.S.D.A. Characteristics. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It received its first import from the Chinese region of Manchuria. Zoysia japonica (commonly known as Korean lawngrass, zoysiagrass or Japanese lawngrass) is a species of creeping, mat-forming, short perennial grass that grows by both rhizomes and stolons. , Although Z. japonica is one of the only Zoysia species that can be seeded, it has a lengthy germination rate of at least a month, so vegetative planting is the primary form of cultivation. White grubs are the most common insect problem. Wetland Status. Zoysia japonica Steud. Zoysia Japonica: Japanese Lawngrass. It is also often used in golf course fairways and tees. It is adapted to tropical, subtropical and temperate climates with varieties such as Zenith exhibiting higher cold tolerance. It produces leaf all year round, flowering starts from June to August, and the seeds it ripens from June to August. – Korean lawngrass Subordinate Taxa. It forms a dense turf and is extremely slow to spread. Spreads by rhizomes and stolons. Grow in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun.  Although it is tolerant to freezing temperatures, it does lose its bright green color, turning brown after frost. They are excellent cover for flat sandy open areas and are widely used as lawn grasses.. Zoysia species are low sod-forming grasses and spread … Zoysia is a warm season grass.  It is native to the coastal grasslands of southeast Asia and Indonesia.  Z. japonica seeds require a moist environment and a temperature of at least 70 °F to germinate, and therefore sod, sprigs, and plugs are less prohibitive methods of planting. A. Zoysia Grass have a relatively fine leaf up to 5mm wide and 40-50mm long which is soft to touch. Empire Zoysia Zoysia japonica ‘SS500’ EMPIRE™ Turf grows Australia Wide and provides a lawn grass which is easy to look after. Zoysiagrass, (genus Zoysia), also spelled zoysia grass, genus of creeping grasses of the family Poaceae, comprising four or five perennial species. Brown patch and dollar spot are infrequent disease problems. It is also used for home lawns, parks, schoolyards, and athletic fields. In the natural habitats, the Zoysia species (except Z. japonica) have strong salt tolerance.Because they have a low canopy but moderate to weak shade tolerance, in the humid Pacific Rim zoysia grasses prefer costal habitats, where no other plant can survive. Zoysia Emerald No serious insect or disease problems. Disadvantages include straw-colored appearance from mid-fall to mid-spring (goes dormant in cold weather), slow rate of spread, tendency to spread into adjacent property and inclination to produce heavy thatch. Geo Zoysia was bred from a cross between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. It has a finer leaf than Zoysia japonica, but it’s also less cold-tolerant and grows slower. It is the recommended zoysia cultivar for the Midwest transition area (includes St. Louis). , Some accounts have it being used for horse pastures in Japan, and for Christian burial tombs in Korea. Meyer zoysia grass – Dark green color with a fine leaf texture. Zoysia Lawns USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. Whether you are sod shopping and wondering whether zoysiagrass is the best pick for your yard or already have a zoysia lawn and are looking to take better care of it, this blog is filled with useful zoysiagrass information. This grass goes dormant after fall frost and remains tan/brown throughout winter. Learn about all the different key characteristics and traits about zoysiagrass. Symbol Key - ZOJA. It’s actually the only zoysia grass species that can be established from seed. It has a light green color and coarse leaves.  It was originally cultivated such climates in China, Japan, and Korea.  When exposed to prolonged drought, it easily adapts by developing deeper rooting systems. Zoysia grass establishes more slowly than some lawn grasses, but it forms a very dense carpet of grass beneath your feet. Palisades zoysia grass – Dark green-colored leaf with a medium-coarse texture.  Z. japonica has a very coarse texture, compared to others of its genus.  Its high tolerance to drought, freezing temperatures, salt, and shade make for a favorable lawn grass. In Australia, it is cultivated along the northeastern coastline. in 1941. Although seed is available, this grass is usually established through … Characteristics of Zoysia Grass: A warm-season grass that grows best between 80 and 90 degrees. Zoysia japonica, often called Korean or Japanese lawn grass, was introduced into the U.S. in 1895. Will not grow in heavy shade. , Zoysia japonica is most commonly used as turfgrass. Zenith, introduced to the trade in 1990, is one such Zoysia selection. Noteworthy Characteristics. Zoysia japonica. Chase). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Known in past years by names such as Manilla Grass and Temple Grass, and other names – which all seem to sound like ornamental names, rather than … Performs best in full sun but will tolerate moderate shade. Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area.Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. Washington, DC. Will stay green all year in warm climates. Abstract. Meyer zoysiagrass is an improved strain of Zoysia japonica. Zoysia ‘Emerald’ is one of the most popular lawn grasses, as it can survive in harsh weather conditions.  Experts suggest that it is mown to a height of 0.5-2.5 inches every 5–10 days. Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. , Zoysia japonica makes up a large part of sika deer diets. The pedicles grow to about 1.75 mm, while the ascending culm internodes measure to roughly 14 mm long. Zoysia japonica. Establish slower than most other grass types. An adventitious root systemgrounds the grass. Japonica’s have been introduced and used as a popular choice for home lawns and public areas around the world. It is characterized by having lanceolate, green leaves. Meyer zoysia grass is classified as a premium lawn grass and is commonly grown on both commercial and residential lawns. Geo Zoysia. , Zoysia japonica has smooth, stiff, vertical leaf blades that roll in the bud. Geo TM Zoysia is a fine-bladed type of zoysia grass with a deep green color that brings high curb appeal to the homeowner. Geo Zoysia is easily one of the most beautiful turfgrasses you will find in a … Treatment should be planned for early spring or late fall. In addition, some cultivars grow well from seed. Sod may be laid as late as early September. It’s wear-tolerant, as well. 'Meyer' zoysia forms a dense, bluegrass-like lawn which tolerates foot traffic well and excludes many common weeds. Zoysia japonica is the only Zoysia species with seed that’s available commercially (in the U.S., anyway). Zoysia japonica is the Zoysia species most widely used as a turfgrass, mainly in Asia, North and South America, and Australia, and numerous commercial cultivars of have been Z. japonica developed in these regions. Fertilize moderately during the growing season (May to July). Zoysia japonica: This particular species was introduced into the United States in the late 1800’s and is commonly called Japanese or Korean lawngrass. Family Name: Poaceae (Gramineae) Synonyms: Acroceras japonica: Common Name: Japanese Lawn Grass, Korean Lawn Grass, Korean Grass, Zoysia: Explore more topics. Mow regularly to a height of 1" to 2" tall. Emerald combines the fine texture of Zoysia tenuifolia with the cold tolerance of Zoysia japonica. Greens up early in the spring. Blades may technically grow to 9" long, but are typically mowed to 1-2" tall.Genus name honors Karl von Zoys (1756-1800), Austrian botanist.Specific epithet means of Japan. Zoysia japonica is the only zoysiagrass species that can be established from seed. Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Tolerates some light shade, but turf becomes thinner as the amount of shade increases. , 'El Toro' and 'Belair' are the newest cultivars of Z. japonica from the USDA. ID - 89781. Landscapers use Z. japonica as a buffer around flower beds or sand pits to keep invasive species out. ... Classifications and Characteristics. Zoysia Japonica - Japanese Lawn Grass Japonica is a medium textured , slow growing grass that spreads aggressively with rhizomes and stolons. It is the progeny of three parent plants (all Z. japonica). Zoysia japonica is a light green color, Perennial growing grass whose height can go up to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). The flowers are grouped in brown inflorescences, and sprout in spring. Zoysia japonica Steud (Japanese grass) presents a great potential for Mediterrenean and transition zones with its superior turf characteristics, shade tolerance, low maintanence requirement. It has a relatively fine leaf which is soft to touch, excellent wear tolerance and thrives in extreme heat and humidity. The following are just a few available varieties and their primary characteristics: 1.  Z. japonica is nearly resistant to disease, yet is subject to insect attack from white grubs. 1950. It is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. Latin: Zoysia japonica 'Meyer Z-52' Gardeners recognize lawns as a necessary evil in the landscape. Interpretation Zoysia japonica. Zoysia japonica is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area. 2. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from June to August. Zoysiagrasses are important turf plants used for school playgrounds, parks, golf courses, and sports fields. Since Zoysia grass has been propagated for the past 100 years, several strains or varieties have evolved(1). Its high tolerance to drought, freezing temperatures, salt, and shade make for a favorable lawn grass. Public areas around the world Members, Donors and Volunteers, commercial landscapes, roadsides and in areas high...: both: Absent/Unreported: native, No County Data:... Zoysia has! 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